Central sleep apnea may be caused by:
- Neurodegenerative illnesses
- Complications of cervical spine surgery
- Certain medications
- Sleep at high altitudes
- Patients with congestive heart failure
While less than 5% of sleep apnea cases are central sleep apnea, it is critical to be diagnosed and treated immediately. Treatment for central sleep apnea may involve drug treatment to stimulate breathing, supplementary oxygen or a relatively new PAP, adaptive servo ventilation.